Abbreviations & Definitions
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E&P  Exploration and Production function of the Shell Group 
e.o.h.p.  Except otherwise herein provided 
E.O.P. or EOP  End of passage 
E/B AFT(e/b aft)  Engine and Bridge aft 
E0  Unattended engine room 
EA  Ethyl alcohol = ethanol 
EAT  Expected arrival time 
EB  Empty ballast 
EBAM  European Basic Acrylic Monomer Group, a sector group of the Association of Petrochemicals Producers in Europe (APPE). For more information, click here. 
Ebb  A receeding current 
EBIS  EBIS, the European Barge Inspection Scheme: Started operations on 1st July 1998. The Scheme has been developed by oil and chemical companies as part of their commitment to improving the safety of tanker barging operations within Europe. The main aim of E 
EBK  Ethyl Butyl Ketone, solvent 
EC  East Coast 
EC  European Communities 
EC50  Effective concentration 50%: The concentration of a material which produces 50% response in the defined end-point. The EC50 should be cited for a specific exposure period.  
ECCP  East Coast (UK) coal port 
ECD  Electronic Chart Display 
ECDIC  Electronic Chart Display and Information System 
ECDIS  Electronic Chart Display and Information System - An ECDIS is a ship borne electronic navigational device designed to display digital nautical charts that is tested and type-approved to international standards and may be used, in conjunction with appropriate ENCs and backup arragements, as a means of primary navigation. The use of ENCs in a type-approved ECDIS and with appropriate back up arrangements, is the only paperless chart option for SOLAS vessel navigation.

All ECDIS systems are required to be able to load and display digital nautical charts in standard S-57/S-63 format, and some systems may also accept data in a proprietary SENC format.

In addition, an ECDIS is only an ECDIS, when it is using official electronic nautical charts (ENCs) that have been produced by an authorised body, such as a hydrographic office.

The use of an ECDIS in conjunction with ENCs and appropriate back up arrangements, is the only legal option for so-called paperless navigation. 
ECG  Existing Chemicals Group 
ECGB  East Coast of Great Britain 
ECH  Epichlorohydrin 
ECI  East coast of Ireland 
ECIND  East coast of India 
ECM  East coast of Mexico 
ECMC  The U.S. Exporters Competitive Maritime Council. An association primarily of U.S. engineering, procurement and construction companies and their freight forwarders that was formed jointly by the Maritime Administration in 1997 to seek solutions to transportation problems and enhance the export of U.S. project cargoes. 
ECMCA  Eastern Central Motor Carriers Association. 
ECNA  East Coast of North America 
ECPI  European Council for Plasticizers and Intermediates, a sector group of Cefic. 
ECR  Engine Control Room 
ECS  Electronic Chart System 
ECS  Electronic Chart System - An ECS is any ship borne electronic navigational device that is designed to display digital nautical charts but is not tested and type-approved as an ECDIS. An ECS may be used as an aide to navigation by a SOLAS vessels but cannot be used as a primary means of navigation or to satisfy SOLAS chart carriage requirements. ECS system are widely used in non-SOLAS applications and as they are not type-approved they can incorporate special features that meet particular application requirements, such as portable pilot units. Many ECS systems use proprietary chart data formats and do not accept digital chart data in standard S-57/S-63 or dENC format. 
ECSA  East Coast of South America 
ECU  European currency units 
ECUK  East Coast of United Kingdom 
ECUS  East Coast of U.S.A 
ECVM  European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers 
Edema  The accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells and tissues. Pulmonary edema is an excessive buildup of water in the lungs, for instance, after inhalation of a gas that is corrosive to lung tissue. 
Edge Protector  An angle piece fitted over the edge of boxes, crates, bundles and other packages to prevent the pressure from metal bands or other types from cutting into the package. 
EDI  Electronic data interchange 
Edible Oil Tanker  A cargo ship designed for the bulk transport of Edible Oils in tanks. Tanks will be stainless steel or lined. New vessels will be classified as chemical carriers 
Edible Oil Tanker, Inland Waterways  A tanker for the bulk carriage of edible oils which is not suitable for trading in open waters. New vessels will be classified as chemical tankers as defined in the International Bulk Chemical Code 
EDIFACT  International data interchange standards sponsored by the United Nations. See UN/EDIFACT. 
EDRC  Effective Daily Recovery Capacity 
EDTA  Ethylenediamine Tetraacetic Acid. See Ethyleneamines 
EEC  European Economic Community 
EEDI  Energy Efficiency Design Index 
EEOI  Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator 
EEPC  European Ethylene Producers Committee (a sub-group of LOSG). For more information, click here. 
EETF  Eastern European Terminal Forum 
EFFA  European Flavor and Fragrance Association 
Effluent carrier  A vessel equipped for the transportation of effluents. Discharge at sea is now illegal 
EFOA  European Fuel Oxygenates Association, a sector group of the Association of Petrochemicals Producers in Europe (APPE). 
EFPIA  European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations 
EFTA  European Free Trade Association 
EG  Ethylene Glycol. Generic term for a family of ethylene glycols, the most important of which is monoethylene glycol.  
EGBE  Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether 
EGBEA  Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether Acetate 
EGC  Code for Existing Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk 
EGC  Enhanced Group Calling 
EGM  Export general manifest 
EGMBE  Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 
EGY  Egypt 
EI  East Indies 
EIPCCB  European IPPC Bureau (See Best Available Techniques) 
EIU  Even if used 
EIUBE  Even if used both ends 
EL  Electric motor room (OCIMF acronym) 
Elastomer  A polymer that forms a disorganized molecular pile capable of uncoiling and recoiling in response to physical force and its removal. This ability to yield and recover makes a substance rubbery. Industry turns molecules into flexible, strectchable, compressible, resilient goods. 
Elastomer  A polymer with the properties of rubber. Polymers that can be formulated as elastomers are polyurethane, butyl rubber, silicones and specially treated ethylene-propylene copolymers. 
Electricity Generating Pontoon, non propelled  A non propelled pontoon used for the purpose of electricity generation 
Electrochemical corrosion  corrosion involving at lest one anodic reaction and one cathodic reaction 
Electrochemical protection  Corrosion protection achieved by electrical control of the corrosion potential. See also anodic protection and cathodic protection 
Electrode  Electronic conductor in contact with an electrolyte 
Electrode potential  voltage measured in the external circuit between an electrode and reference electrode in contact with the same electrolyte 
Electrode reaction  Interfacial reaction which gives rise to a transfer of charge between an electronic conductor and an electrolyte 
Electrolyte  Medium in which electric current is transported by ions 
Elemica  Elemica is a trademark of the Elemica group of companies. 
Elevating  – A charge for services performed in connection with floating elevators.
– Charges assessed for the handling of grain through grain elevators. 
Elkins Act  An act of Congress (1903) prohibiting rebates, concession, misbilling, etc. and providing specific penalties for such violations. 
ELV  Emission Limit Value 
ELVENT  Electric Ventilation 
Embargo  Order to restrict the hauling of freight. 
EMD  Emergency Management Division 
EMED  East Mediterranean 
Eminent Domain  The sovereign power to take property for a necessary public use, with reasonable compensation. 
EMM  Environmental management manual 
EMPA  European Melamine Producers Association, a sector group of Cefic. 
Empty Repo  Contraction for Empty Repositioning. The movement of empty containers. 
EMR  Effective Mooring Revision 
Emulsifier  Agents which markedly lower the interfacial tension between oil and water or other liquid, thus permitting them to mix or form emulsions. Lecithin and mono and diglycerides are emulsifiers derived from fats and oils and are widely used in food products (margarines, shortenings, salad dressing, frozen desserts, peanut butter, candy etc). Emulsifiers may also have other useful properties such as crystal modification and complex formation. The surface activity of these compounds depends on their molecular structure. They are compounds consisting of a non-polar and a polar group. The non-polar group is usually a hydrocarbon chain, such as fatty acids, which has an affinity for oils (lipophilic or hydrophobic), while the polar group is usually a polyol such as glycerol and has affinity for water (hydrophilic or lipophobic). Emulsifiers may be thought of as tadpoles, with the polar head anchored in the water phase, while the long hydrocarbon tail remains dissolved in the oil. The physico-chemical nature of the two groups governs the degree of affinity of the surfactant for oil or water. 
Emulsifiers  Additives that allow oils to be mixed with water and water to be mixed with oils. They alter the surface properties of materials they contact because of their amphiphilic nature. That is to say, they have chemical affinity to both lipid and aqueous phases. Because of this property, the molecules become oriented along the surfaces or interfaces of these normally immiscible substances. 
ENC  Electronic Navigational Charts 
Endocrine disruptor  An exogenous substance or physical agent that causes adverse health effects in the intact organism or its progeny through changes in endocrine function.  
Endorsement  A legal signature usually placed on the reverse of a draft; signifies transfer of rights from the holder to another party. 
ENE  East North-East 
Engine Officer  Officers responsible for operation and maintenance of complex electric and mechanical plant and associated control systems throughout the vessel including the main engine, boilers, pumps, electrical generators, refrigeration plant and fresh water generators. 
Engler  A not particularly popular method of measuring and reporting viscosity. 
Enhanced Survey  A survey carried out on tankers over 5 years of age, under the enhanced programme of inspection required by Marpol Annex 1 Reg. 13G. The Enhanced Programme of Surveys has been introduced to address the structural problems associated with "old" ships. Th 
ENI  European Number of Identification 
Entrance Channel  A navigable channel connecting the ocean or lake to an enclosed water body such as a bay, estuary, river, or mouth of a navigable stream (EM 1110-2-1613). 
Entry  Customs documents required to clear an import shipment for entry into the general commerce of a country. 
Enviro Return Management  System for legal and environment-friendly management of used ozone-depleting refrigerants  
Enviroclean  Product name for an environmentally-adapted degreasing agent for engine rooms and tank cleaning 
Environmental System Inspections  Inspection of refrigeration systems to ensure optimum operating conditions and prevent leaks 
EO  Ethylene Oxide. A chemical intermediate used in the manufacture of glycol ethers, ethoxylates and ethylene glycol. Ethylene oxide derivatives have a wide range of applications, from detergents and cosmetics to antifreeze; they are also used in the manufacture of man-made fibers, brake fluids and polyethylene terephthalate (PET).  
EOOW  Engineer Officer of the Watch 
EP  Estimated position 
EPA  United States Environmental ProtectionAgency 
EPC  Ethylene Producers Committee 
EPCA  European Petrochemical Association 
EPDLA  European Polymer Dispersion and Latex Association, a sector group of Cefic. 
EPER  European Pollutant Emission Register 
EPIRB  Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon 
Epoxidation  The reaction by which unsaturated acids are converted to epoxy acids. This is a cis addition of oxygen to the double bond, usually affected by a peroxy acid such as peroxyformic or peroxyacetic. The reaction is carried out on an industrial scale to produce epoxidised soybean oil, epoxidised linseed oil, etc. These are used primarily as plasticisers-stabilisers for polyvinylchloride (PVC). 
Epoxy resins  A flexible resin made using phenols and used chiefly in coatings, adhesives, electrical laminants and composites for its excellent adhesion, strength and chemical resistance. 
EPRA  European Phenolic Resins Association, an afficiliated sector group of the Association of Petrochemicals Producers in Europe (APPE). For more information, click here. 
EPS  Expanded Polystyrene. Manufactured from styrene, is a thermal plastic material supplied to moulders in the form of a polystyrene bead. The beads, which contain a blowing agent, are processed and moulded into low-density foam articles, such as protective packaging, foam insulation and building and construction. 
EPSDG  Ethyleneamines Product Stewardship Discussion Group 
Equalization  A monetary allowance to the customer for picking up or delivering at a point other than the destination shown on the bill of lading. This provision is covered by tariff publication. 
EQUASIS  Equasis aims at collecting and disseminating quality and safety-related information on the world’s merchant ships provided to it by holders of such information. 
Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR)  A document transferring a container from one carrier to another, or to/from a terminal. 
Equity holders  Companies entitled to some portion of an oil field's production due to their investment in its development. See producers. 
Equity Lifting  The lifting of a quantity of cargo to which the lifter is entitled by reason of its ownership of an interest in the field producing the cargo. 
ER  Engine room 
ER  Engine room floor (OCIMF acronym) 
ERLOAD  Expected ready to load 
Erosion  The progressive loss of material from a solid surface due to mechanical interaction between that surface and a fluid, a multi-component fluid, or solid particles carried with the fluid 
Erosion corrosion  Process involving conjoint corrosion and erosion 
ERT  Emergency Response Team 
Erucic Acid  Erucic acid consists of a 22 carbon chain with one double bond on the thirteenth carbon atom. It is a major component of seed oils of the brassica family such as rapeseed or mustard seed. High levels of erucic acid in the diet have been found to have undesirable nutritional effects in animal feeding trials. In consequence, plant breeders have developed low and zero erucic acid content rapeseed, which has been commercialised. A high erucic rapeseed oil is used as a mould lubricant in the continuous casting of steel; erucamide, derived from rapeseed oil is an anti-blocking and slip agent in polythene films. 
ERV  Each round voyage.(usually in Tanker Trade) 
Erythema  Excess of reddening of a tissue due to increased flow of blood. 
ES-VOC-CG  European Solvent Volatile Organic Compounds Co-ordination Group, a cross industry group of solvents producers, users' trade associations and national chemical associations aiming to address the VOC Directive. 
Escalation clause  A clause allowing for an adjustment 
Escort  A combat vessel used to escort other vessels and protect them from attack 
ESD  Emergency Shut-down 
ESIG  European Solvents Industry Group, a group within the Association of Petrochemicals Producers in Europe (APPE) gathering manufacturers and users of oxygenated and hydrocarbon solvents. 
ESP  Enhanced Survey Program 
ESPA  European Stabilizers Producers Association, a sector group of Cefic. 
ESPH  Evaluation of Safety and Pollution Hazards 
ESQA  Environment, Safety and Quality Assurance (CMS) 
ESRA  European Synthetic Rubber Association, an affiliate of Cefic. 
Essential Oil  A volatile oil obtained as an extract from herbs, spices, flower petals etc and used for its perfume or flavour properties. 
EST  Estimated; European Standard Time 
Ester  Any of a class of organic compounds made from the chemical reaction between an alcohol and an organic acid. 
Ester Value  The ester value is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify the neutral oil in one gram of fat. It is equal to the saponification value minus the acid value. 
Esterification   The reaction by which esters are formed from alcohols and acids, usually in the presence of an acidic catalyst, or with the more reactive acid anhydrides or chlorides for which no catalyst is required. Esters can also be changed to other ester by alcoholysis, acidolysis and interesterification. 
ETA  Estimated Time of Arrival 
ETA, C, D, R, S  – Estimated Time of Arrival, Completion, Departure, Readiness, or Sailing
– Estimated Time of Availability. That time when a tractor/partner carrier is available for dispatch. 
ETBC  Easy trimmer bulk carrier 
ETBE  Ethyl-Tertiary-Butyl-Ether 
ETC  Estimaged Time of Commencement (or Completion) 
ETD  Estimated Time of Departure 
ETF  Expected time of finishing 
Eth  Ethylene 
Ethane  A gaseous hydrocarbon, the second most important constituent of natural gas, it also occurs dissolved in petroleum oils and as a by-product of oil refinery operations and of the carbonization of coal. Ethane is a major raw material for the huge ethylene petrochemical industry, which produces such important products as polyethylene plastic, ethylene glycol, and ethyl alcohol. 
Ethanol  Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol is manufactured by synthesis from ethylene. It is an oxygenated hydrocarbon used in a wide variety of high performance solvent applications (toiletries and cosmetics, paints, lacquer thinners, printing inks, dyes, detergents, disinfectants and pharmaceuticals), as a chemical raw material for the production of a range of monomers and solvents, and is essential in pharmaceutical purification. In transportation, ethanol is used as a vehicle fuel by itself, blended with gasoline, or as a gasoline octane enhancer and oxygenate. 
Ethanolamine  Ethanolamines are prepared by the reaction of ammonia and ethylene oxide. They include monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA). The three are widely used in industry, principally as absorbents for acidic components of natural gas and of petroleum-refinery gas streams. MEA is mainly used as the raw material to produce ethyleneamines. It is also used to make detergents, metalworking fluids, and as gas sweetening. DEA is mainly used as gas sweetening and in agrochemicals. TEA is used in detergents and cosmetics applications and as a cement additive. 
Ethene  See Ethylene 
Ether  Ethers, like alcohols and phenols are oxygenated derivatives. An ether has two hydrocarbon groups bonded to the oxygen atom. Diethyl ether (also called simply ether) is the most common variety. It is widely used as a solvent and as a volatile, combustible starting fluid for engines. Methyl-tert-buthyl-ether (MTBE) is used in gasoline to boost the octane rating and to decrease the toxic emissions in the exhaust. 
Ethyl acetate  A volatile ester used as solvents for resins, lacquers, paints, and varnishes. 
Ethyl acrylate  Ethyl acrylate is a colorless liquid used in the production of polymers, water-based latex paints and adhesives, textile and paper coatings, leather finish resins, and in the production of acrylic fibers 
Ethyl alcohol  See Ethanol 
Ethyl hexanol  2-Ethyl hexanol (2EH) is an higher aliphatic alcohol.. 2EH is also used as a solvent and has a particular niche use in the formation of lacquers and coatings when slow evaporation is desired 
Ethylbenzene  Ethylbenzene is formed by combination of ethylene and benzene, and is then dehydrogenated to styrene for use in the production of plastics and synthetic rubber. For more information click website. 
Ethylene  Also called ethene, ethylene is the simplest member of the olefinic hydrocarbon series and one of the most important raw materials of the organic chemical industry. It occurs in both petroleum and natural gas, but the bulk of the industrial material is produced by heating of higher hydrocarbons. Ethylene can be polymerized to the plastic material polyethylene, reacted with oxygen to give ethylene oxide, or with benzene to give ethylbenzene. 
Ethylene  Two-carbon olefin used to make plastic films, fibers, molding compounds, and other products. 
Ethylene dichloride  Liquid, most commonly used in the production of vinyl chloride monomer, starting material for chlorinated solvents such as 1,1,1-trichloroethane, vinylidene chloride, trichloroethylene, and perchloroethylene, solvent for processing pharmaceutical products, solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, and particularly for rubber 
Ethylene plant  see STEAM CRACKER 
Ethylene Tanker  A semi-pressurised LPG tanker specifically for the bulk carriage of ethylene. Cargo is refrigerated at -104 deg C 
Ethyleneamine  Ethyleneamines are organic compounds essential in the manufacture of a wide range of products from detergents, paints and fuel oils to pharmaceuticals, soaps, asphalt and paper. Ethyleneamines include ethylenediamine (EDA), diethylenetriamine (DETA) and higher amines. EDA is used to produce TAED (tetraacetylethylenediamine) and EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid), and in fungicides. DETA is mainly used as an epoxy curing agent and in the production of wet strength resins for paper. Higher amines are used to make additives for lubricating oils, engine fuels and asphalt. 
ETOPS  Emergency Towing-off Pennant System 
ETPs  Engineering thermoplastics 
ETR  Expected to be ready 
ETRMA  European Tyre & Rubber Manufacturers' Association  
ETS  Estimated Time of Sailing 
EU  European Union 
EURATEX  European Apparel and Textile Organization 
EUROFLEX  Association of Flexible Packaging in Europe 
EUROMED  European Mediterranean 
EUROPACABLE  European Association of Cable Manufacturers 
EUROPIA  European Petroleum Industry Association 
Evaporation of volatile substances  Tank Cleaning: Cargoes consisting of mixtures with different vapor pressures should neither be cleaned by evaporation, nor prewashed hot. The evaporation of the light substances from a mixture could result in non-volatile residues, which are very difficult to remove.  
Evaporation Rate  The rate at which a product will vaporize when compared to the rate of vaporization of a known material (usually Butyl Acetate with rate designated as 1.0). Evaporation rate can be useful in evaluating the health and fire hazards of a material. Rates are classified as fast (greater than 3.0), medium (.8 to 3.0), and slow (less than .8). The evaporation rate of water is .3. 
EWIB  Eastern Weighing and Inspection Bureau. 
EWPM  European Wood Protection Manufacturers 
Ex - “From”  When used in pricing terms such as “Ex Factory” or “Ex Dock,” it signifies that the price quoted applies only at the point of origin indicated. 
Ex Dec  Contraction for “Shipper’s Export Declaration.” 
Ex-Works  An Incoterm of sale meaning the seller delivers to the buyer at seller’s named premises. 
EXC  Except 
Excepted or Excluded  EXCEPTED or EXCLUDED shall mean that the Days specified do not count as Laytime even if loading or discharging is carried out on them. 
Exception  Notations made when the cargo is received at the carrier’s terminal or loaded aboard a vessel. They show any irregularities in packaging or actual or suspected damage to the cargo. Exceptions are then noted on the bill of lading. 
EXCL  Excluding or Excluded or Exclusive 
EXCOM  Executive Committee 
Exhibition Vessel  A mobile vessel used for exhibitions, trade fairs and the like 
EXIBA  European Extruded Polystyrene Insulation Board Association, a sector group of Cefic. 
EXIM Bank  Export–Import Bank of the United States: An independent U.S. Government Agen- cy which facilitates exports of U.S. goods by providing loan guarantees and insurance for repayment of bank–provided export credit. 
EXINS  Extra Insurance 
Existing chemicals  Chemical substances, which were deemed to be on the European Community market between 1 January 1971 and 18 September 1981. An "existing" chemical substance is in the EU defined as any chemical substance listed in the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Substances (EINECS), an inventory containing 100,195 substances. The Regulation 793/93 foresees that the evaluation and control of the risks posed by existing chemicals will be carried out in four steps: data collection, priority setting, risk assessment and risk reduction. Any chemical substance marketed after 18 September 1981 is called a new chemical. 
Expiry Date  Issued in connection with documents such as letters of credit, tariffs, etc. to advise that stated provisions will expire at a certain time. 
EXPLOAD  Expected to load 
Export  Shipment of goods to a foreign country. 
Export Declaration  A government document declaring designated goods to be shipped out of the country. To be completed by the exporter and filed with the U.S. Government. 
Export License  A government document which permits the “Licensee” to engage in the export of designated goods to certain destinations. 
Export Rate  A rate published on traffic moving from an interior point to a port for transshipment to a foreign country. 
Exposed Waters  any waters that are more than 20 nautical miles from a harbour or safe refuge, or those waters which are less than 20 nautical miles from a harbour or safe refuge and which are not designated coastal or protected waters. 
Exposure assessment  The exposure assessment is the determination of the emissions in order to estimate the concentrations/doses of a substance to which human populations or environmental spheres (water, soil and air) are or may be exposed. 
Extended Well Test  When oil is discovered the well must be tested to determine flow rates, reservoir performance and fluid/gas composition. In some complex reservoirs, it may be necessary to flow the well for a long time to determine whether a full field development can be economically justified. 
Extinguishing Media  Specifies the fire-fighting agents that should be used to extinguish fires 
Extraction (Solvent)  The process of obtaining oil from a seed or other source by the use of an organic solvent (usually hexane) is termed extraction. Following several pretreatment steps, culminating in the production of seed flakes, whose oil cell walls have been ruptured under pressure, the oil is extracted by percolation of an organic solvent through a bed of flakes. The solvent is removed from the oil-solvent solution (or miscella) by distillation. This process finds application where the oil content of the material is less than 20%. Where the oil content is much higher, e.g. copra (65%) and palm kernels (50%), most of the oil can be recovered by physical pressure (e.g. screw press) and the oil in the press residue may then be extracted with solvent. 
Extraneous rust  Rust not originating from the steel under consideration, e.g., rust brought to the site from a rusting iron object by means of a flowing liquid, or formed by rusting of iron particles brought to the steel surface 
EXW  Ex Works (named place of delivery)
The seller makes the goods available at its premises. This term places the maximum obligation on the buyer and minimum obligations on the seller. The Ex Works term is often used when making an initial quotation for the sale of goods without any costs included. EXW means that a seller has the goods ready for collection at his premises (works, factory, warehouse, plant) on the date agreed upon. The buyer pays all transportation costs and also bears the risks for bringing the goods to their final destination. The seller doesn't load the goods on collecting vehicles and doesn't clear them for export. If the seller does load the good, he does so at buyer's risk and cost. If parties wish seller to be responsible for the loading of the goods on departure and to bear the risk and all costs of such loading, this must be made clear by adding explicit wording to this effect in the contract of sale.

Incoterms 2010 
EXW (Ex Works) (...Named Place)  A Term of Sale which means that the seller fulfills the obligation to deliver when he or she has made the goods available at his/her premises (i.e., works, factory, warehouse, etc.) to the buyer. In particular, the seller is not responsible for loading the goods in the vehicle provided by the buyer or for clearing the goods for export, unless otherwise agreed. The buyer bears all costs and risks involved in taking the goods from the seller’s premises to the desired destination. This term thus represents the minimum obligation for the seller.